Ghanaian Educational Institutions' Capacity for, and Approach to, ICT Pedagogical Integration
The paper reports some of the findings of Ghana's participation in the Pan African Research Agenda on the Pedagogical Integration of ICT. The study examines Ghanaian educational institutions' capacity for, and approach to, ICT pedagogical integration. A Junior High School, three Senior High schools and a Teacher Education University are sampled by a University of Education Winneba (UEW) based research team according to given guidelines. The study combines document analysis and survey techniques with the use of structured questionnaire, class observation checklists and interview schedules to collect qualitative and quantitative data which have been uploaded onto an open online observatory at www.observatoiretic.org. The results indicate that some attempts had been made by the Ministry of Education to formalize the teaching of ICT literacy and encourage its integration into the teaching and learning process. Nonetheless, very little integration is observed in teaching and learning in schools. This is found to be due in part to inefficiencies in the design of the curriculum and partly to the inadequate ICT resources (both material and human) available. It is recommended that the Ministry of Education should review the curricula at various levels to ensure ICT pedagogical integration in their implementation and make available sufficient resources for ongoing training and support for teachers to model the new pedagogies and tools for learning.
Keywords: ICT literacy, ICT pedagogical integration, Inhibiting factors.